Category Archives: Cleaning

How to Clean a Fur Coat

Fur coats worn throughout the winter are exposed to harsh, cold, and wet weather. At the end of the winter season, your fur coat is worn and dirty, and for another go in the next winter season, it needs to be clean and ready to be worn. Professional furriers are ideal for coat cleaning, but you can also do it yourself at home with the right tools and great caution.


  • Dry Cleaning Solvent
  • Sawdust or any particulate material that can absorb the dirt and solvent from the fur
  • Cold Water
  • Shampoo


  • Plastic padded hanger
  • Cloth Bag
  • Plastic bottle with spray nozzle
  • Steam Iron
  • Hand held vacuum

General cleaning Instructions for entire coat

  1. If the coat is wet or damp, hang it on a plastic padded hanger and allow it to air dry. For faster drying, a hair blow dryer on a cool setting can also be used.
  2. Soak the sawdust in a dry cleaning solvent.
  3. Work the soaked sawdust into the fur all over the coat, and then vacuum it out with a hand vacuum.
  4. Use a steam iron to further remove any sawdust that may be in the coat’s fur.
  5. For the lining, hand clean and steam using a steam iron before storing.

Removing coffee stains

  1. Treat the small stained spot like you would your own hair. Shampoo the area thoroughly and then rinse with cold water.
  2. Hang on a plastic padded hanger to dry.

Removing paint stains

  1. Apply dry cleaning solvent to the area stained with paint and then rinse with cold water.
  2. Hang on plastic padded hanger to dry naturally or use a hair blow dryer on the coolest setting.

Removing curling marks and curls

  1. Spray or mist cold water over area containing curls using a plastic bottle with a spray nozzle attached.
  2. Use a steam iron over area.
  3. Use fingers to comb through the fur gently, in the direction you want the hairs to lie down.

Tips on caring for and storing your fur coat

  • Always store fur coats in cloth and not plastic bags, as they require adequate circulation.
  • Use plastic padded hangers to hang fur coats, and avoid hangers with sharp points.
  • Always move coat from one place to another in a cloth bag.
  • If coat becomes wet, allow it to air dry naturally in a ventilated area.
  • Keep odour causing substances such as cigarettes, moth balls, aerosol sprays and cologne away from fur coats as the odour will cover it permanently.
  • If a fur coat becomes covered with odour, take it to a professional furrier to remove the odour.
  • Do not use brushes or combs on your fur coat (only finger comb the fur).
  • No-rinse shampoos can be used in place of liquid shampoos, as they act as dry cleaning substances for hair.
  • If the fur has gone dull, only a professional furrier can perform a technique called glazing to restore its sheen.

How to Clean a Fiberglass Tub

As technology advances we become exposed to more delicate house hold products one of which is the fiberglass tub. Fiberglass tubs have become more popular as they have been proven to stay warmer than porcelain and are less likely to chip or break. Anyone actually owns a Fiberglass tub will tell you that it must be handled with extreme care especially when cleaning. This is because there are many products out there that you damage your tub your fiberglass properly. So lets just spend a few minutes to explore just how to clean your tub properly.

Required Materials

  • Disinfectant Cleaner
  • Cloth
  • Squeegee
  • Non-abrasive cleaner
  • Towel
  • Window Cleaner
  • Scrub Brush
  • Non-toxic mold and mildew remover


  1. Select the cloth you will be using to clean your tub. Lightly cover the tub with the non – abrasive cleaner.
  2. Remove build up and dirt by gently scrubbing the tub with a wet brush.
  3. Rinse the bath with water.
  4. Spray tub with disinfectant.
  5. Allow to stand for a few minutes.
  6. Clean with a damp cloth.
  7. Follow the same procedure to clean the glass section of the tub, spray on the cleaner allow to stand for a couple of minutes and wash thoroughly..
  8. Follow suit with the window cleaner.(On the glass section only)
  9. Use the squeegee to wipe away the excess water from the tub and glass.

Tips and Warnings

  • If there is mold and/or mildew use a non – toxic cleaner. Be sure to check the warnings on the back of the bottle to ensure that it is safe to use on fiberglass.
  • Try to use a non – abrasive applicator such as a sponge, cloth or even a brush made from nylon, polyester or polyethylene. Never use scouring powders, steel wool or other abrasive scouring pads or scrapers on your fiberglass.
  • Try to use liquid hand applied dishwashing soap or liquid laundry detergent. Another plus is an all purpose household cleaner or an all purpose bathroom cleaner.
  • Use mild to moderate alkali solutions or a diluted TSP substitute in warm water.
  • Ensure that you rinse the cleaned thoroughly to remove all cleaning residue.
  • You can make up a baking soda and water to clean the stubborn areas of your bathtub. Simply rinse and gently rub the paste onto this stubborn area with a sponge.

How to Clean a Carburetor

It is not that hard to keep the engines of automobiles running smoothly. All it takes is to learn how to clean a carburetor. Having smooth-flowing vehicles can give people hassle-free and safe travels wherever they go.

By cleaning carburetors regularly, the engines of automobiles are guaranteed to work properly. This task is not that hard. Learn how to clean a carburetor and keep the fuel and air inside your engines regulating properly. People do not need to spend too much just to keep their vehicles in smooth condition.

Materials Needed

Only a few simple materials are needed before people can learn how to clean a carburetor. Purchase a nice cleaning solvent. Bring in compressed air to dry and clean the inner portions of this all-important engine part. Meanwhile, the Allen wrench can help a lot in unbolting screws. Furthermore, use rubber gloves to protect hands from having direct contact with the cleaning solvent, which contains strong chemicals and harmful irritants.


Before people can know how to clean a carburetor, they need to locate first where it is located. Its main purpose is to perform internal combustion. Primarily, it has five different line connections. Simply take these lines off one at a time including the throttle, vacuum line and PCV hose. After them, disconnect the gas line and cold choke tube as well.

When all of these important connections are removed, it is now time to take the internal combustion device away from the engine manifold. Because it is bolted to the engine, use Allen wrench to take off the screws that hold it in place. Put the cleaning solvent in a deep container, enough to soak the engine part. Remove plastic parts because they may erode when the cleaner is used.

Leave the engine part soaked in the solution for at least overnight. The following day, take if off the solvent. Wipe it clean using a small rag or a dry cloth. Before touching this, wear protective gloves because the cleaning solvent can contain harsh irritants and strong ingredients that may potential harm the skin. After that, use compressed air to clean and dry off the interior parts of the engine device.

After completing these quick and simple procedures, the carburetor is guaranteed clean and ready to go. Return all the important connections including the cold choke tube, gas line and PCV hose. Moreover, be sure not to forget the throttle and vacuum line.

When all the connections are back in place, bolt it back together with the automobile’s engine manifold. Use the Allen wrench to return the screws back. Once everything is back in place, expect a smoother, more efficient and better performance from your cars and trucks.

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How to Get Rid of Underarm Stains on Shirts

Yellow underarm stains are never a welcome sight. Underarm stains are caused by the reaction of the salts in your sweat to ingredients in your anti-perspirant. The aluminum compounds contained in these anti-perspirants are often the cause of these yellowish stains.

These stains are unsightly, smelly, and can weaken the fabric. Here are the steps to take these nasty stains off your clothing.

Materials Needed

  • Ammonia
  • 2 Aspirin tablets
  • Baking soda
  • Lemon juice
  • White vinegar
  • salt
  • Laundry sponges
  • Laundry pre-treatment
  • One-gallon containers

Preventing Stains

  1. Switch to aluminum-free anti-perspirants. Allow the anti-perspirant to dry before dressing to prevent rub-offs on fabric.

  2. Take actions when perspiration has come in contact with your clothing. Wash or dry clean the garment as soon as possible.
  3. Stop using the dryer when yellow stains begin to appear. Contact with heat can make these stains even harder to remove.

Pre-Soaking Techniques

  1. Before going through your typical laundry routine, soak the soiled garment in an enzyme product designed for pre-soaking.
  2. Alternatively, you may use a paste made from 4 tablespoons of baking soda mixed in a cup of warm water. Rub the paste onto the stain. Use the paste with some vinegar when taking out collar stains.
  3. Vinegar alone may also be used to take out perspiration stains. Pour a small amount of vinegar onto the soiled area. Rub the vinegar into the fabric before washing.
  4. If the stain remains after pre-soaking, do not put the fabric in the dryer or iron it. The stain will become heat-set and quite impossible to remove.

Post-Soaking Techniques

  1. Make a solution out of a tablespoon of ammonia and a cup of water. Apply the solution on the soiled area and air it dry.
  2. Old stains can be treated with one tablespoon of vinegar or lemon juice mixed in a cup of water. Apply onto the soiled area and air dry.
  3. Alternatively, you can use a solution made out of two Aspirin tablets and a cup of warm water. Soak the soiled area in this solution for 2 to 3 hours.

How to Clean Vinyl Siding

Vinyl siding is the popular choice among the many selections for exterior house coverings. Unlike wood siding that requires staining and weatherproofing, or brick that can be quite expensive, vinyl siding is cost effective and easy to maintain.

Cleaning vinyl siding is pretty much like washing a car. The only hard part about it is climbing on ladders and working around landscaping. Other than these, cleaning vinyl siding is a job that anyone could do.

Materials Needed

  • Ladder
  • Garden hose
  • Garden hose trigger sprayer
  • Hand-pump garden spray
  • Bucket
  • Dish soap or laundry detergent
  • Soft bristle brush

Cleaning Solutions

  • Dish soap or clothes detergent mixed in warm water is a good cleaning solution for removing hard-to-clean dirt, such as grass and oil stains.
  • Algae and mildew stains can be easily cleaned by combining a quart of bleach with three-fourths of a gallon of water. Then add some clothes detergent to the mixture.

How to Wash the Siding

  1. Rinse the vinyl siding with a regular garden hose equipped with a nozzle set to medium misting spray. Do not use a forceful stream of water to rinse it down as water could penetrate behind the vinyl siding.
  2. Rinse off the vinyl siding with the nozzle pointing down towards the ground. Vinyl siding is intended to shed water coming from above. Aiming the hose up the vinyl siding can cause large amounts to penetrate behind the siding.
  3. Once the siding has been rinsed with water, rinse the dirt off with dish soap or clothes detergent mixed in warm water. Pour the soapy water into a hand-pump garden sprayer. Spray the solution from bottom to top on one section of the siding.
  4. Make sure to work in the shade to keep the soapy water from drying before rinsing it off.
  5. Dip a soft bristle brush in the soapy water and use it to remove the dirt on the siding. Use side to side motions in doing this. Dip the brush into the bucket when it starts to dry. It should be dripping wet at all times.
  6. Start cleaning from the bottom and go up as far as you can reach. Always rinse the area you’ve cleaned before proceeding further up the wall. Make sure that all the dirt had been rinsed off all the way down as you go higher up the wall.
  7. Use an extension ladder for areas that you cannot reach.
  8. Leave the house to dry once you’ve washed off all the areas you need to clean.

How to Clean DVD’s

If your DVD disc cannot be read by your player, you may need to clean the disc. There are several ways to clean a DVD.

Steps to Clean a DVD

  1. If you notice dust particles stuck on the disc’s surface, wipe then off using a soft, dry piece of cloth. To hold the disc properly, insert one finger into the hole of the DVD and handle the disc’s edges with your other fingers. Never touch the shiny part of the DVD.
  2. If a certain substance was spilled onto the DVD making it sticky or greasy, create a mixture of lukewarm water and baby shampoo. Dip a piece of soft cloth or cotton in the mixture and wipe the DVD with it. The cotton or cloth should only be moderately wet. Make sure that the DVD is completely dry before placing it in its hard case.
  3. If someone had accidentally touched the shiny part of the DVD, it may have fingerprints. Remove these marks by dipping a soft cloth in ethanol or methanol and wiping the DVD with the cloth. Do not use Acetone or other solvents containing petroleum as these products will damage the disc.
  4. If you wish to clean your DVD but you do not have any of the said products, you can use mineral water to clean the disc. Dip a soft cloth in mineral water and wipe the dirty parts of the disc. Do not use normal tap water as it has high salt concentrations. This can leave marks on the DVD.

How to Wash Clothes

Washing clothes, or doing laundry, is the process of cleaning worn clothes. The process involves using detergent and making sure it is thoroughly applied to the fabric to remove dirt. You can do this by hand or by using a washing machine.

To wash your clothes, you will need:

  • a detergent;
  • water;
  • buckets/basins/sink for hand washing or a washing machine; and
  • a dryer or a space to hang clothes for air drying.

1. Collect the dirty laundry. It is best if you put a clothes hamper in your bedroom or bathroom.

2. Sort the laundry according to color. Don’t mix whites with the coloreds in the wash as the colors may bleed and stain your whites.

3. Check labels of the clothes for special washing instructions. Delicate fabric may need to be hand washed. There are also clothes which need specialized cleaning. Do not attempt to wash these.

Hand washing

a. Put the laundry in a basin, bucket, or sink. Wide brimmed basins are best so that you will have enough space to move your hands.

b. Put enough water on the basin to submerge the clothes.

c. If you are using powdered detergent:

i. Put the powdered detergent on the basin with the clothes and water. The instructions it came with will tell you how much detergent to use.

ii. Leave the detergent in for as long as it says in the instructions. The instructions can often be found on the box or bag the detergent came in. The amount of time and detergent depends on the material you are washing and the kind of detergent.

iii. After the detergent has worked on the water, remove the soapy water.

iv. Put clean water in the basin with the clothes. Lightly rub the clothes together in the clean water to remove any detergent residue.

v. You can repeat the last two processes until the clothes are clean

d. If you are using bar detergent:

i. Hold the fabric with one hand.

ii. Lightly rub the bar detergent against the fabric.

iii. Drop the detergent and use your other hand to rub another part of the fabric against the part with the detergent. Do so lightly to prevent tearing.

iv. Repeat until all the pieces of fabric have been lathered with detergent.

v. Replace the soapy water with clean water. Rub the clothes together in the clean water to rinse it and remove any detergent residue.

vi. Repeat the last two processes until the clothes are clean.

5. Using a washing machine

a. Load the laundry into the machine.

b. Fill the machine with water. Most machines have markings on the side that indicate the volume of water already in the machine. You can also check the manual of the machine to check how much water is needed.

c. Add detergent to the water in the washing machine before turning it on. Follow the instructions on the package of detergent. This will tell you how much detergent to put.

d. Set the water temperature. Wash whites in hot water, and darks in cold water. It is better to use cold water, since hot water may shrink clothes. If the machine does not come with temperature control, you can just use lukewarm water.

e. Close the lid of the machine and place the settings for the machine. The settings include the timer and the type of spin to be used. The manual for the washing machine can tell you the settings needed for certain kinds of clothes.

f. After the spin has finished, take out the clothes and shake them gently. This is so that clothes will dry easier with less wrinkles.

6. Drying

a. Read the labels of the clothes for any special drying instructions. Some clothes such as brassieres and delicate wear need to be hanged and air-dried.

b. If there are no special instructions, you can put the clothes in the dryer.

7. Over drying may damage fabrics and destroy your clothes. It there is moisture retained in some fabric let it dry by hanging.

8. Fold the clothes or hang them in your closet after drying.

How to Clean Your DVD Player

Cleaning your DVD player regularly can make it last longer. Dust and dirt can enter the appliance over time and it is necessary to make sure these get removed so that it can work properly. There are several cleaning kits made specifically for DVD players available in the market.


Steps in Cleaning Your DVD Player


  1. Unplug your DVD player. Take it to a cleaning area that has enough space. Make sure the area is well-lit.
  2. Check the outside of the player. See if there is dust build-up at any of the parts. Inspect the cooling fans and make sure to remove any obstructions there.
  3. When removing dust and dirt, make sure not to get dust on the DVD player lens. Try opening the player so you can remove the dust easier.
  4. Play the cleaning disk. Cleaning kits often include a disc with a little brush attached to it. This is designed to clean the interior of the player. There are even solutions included in the kit which are meant to be sprayed on the cleaning disc.
  5. Sometimes, there are tips in the disc that you can listen to while the player is being cleaned. If the cleaning disc fails or encounters an error, you can open the DVD to clean the lens manually.
  6. Remove the outer casing of the player. Remove the screws and keep them together so you won’t lose them.
  7. If you can see the interior, remove the dust around the vents using your hand and a little rug or an old make-up brush. You can also use a little blower to move the dust away. Make sure the dust is blown away from the lens.
  8. Dip a cotton swab in rubbing alcohol and wipe it lightly against the lens. Do not touch the swab against the circuits or boards.
  9. Repeat the process with a different swab on the guiding rails of the lens and the belts around it.
  10. Let the interior dry.
  11. Use a fresh swab to apply 3-in-1 oil to the guiding rails. This helps the player work smoother and quieter.
  12. You can repeat the process to the gears connected to the belts.
  13. Make sure you don’t get oil on the lens or circuit boards.
  14. After manual cleaning, put the player back together and try to play the cleaning disk again.

How to Clean Upholstery

Upholstery is the method of providing furniture with springs, padding, webbing, and covers made of fabric or leather. This can be used on furniture or in vehicles.

The materials needed for cleaning upholstery are:

  • plastic scrapers;
  • plastic bucket;
  • power brush vacuum attachments;
  • hand-held dusting brush;
  • electric fan;
  • detergent and water; and
  • cleaning cloth.

After gathering these materials and tools, remove the loose cushions of the furniture. Loosen the dirt in the upholstery with a hand-held brush. Remove the dust using a vacuum brush attachment. Carefully vacuum all surfaces of the furniture’s arms, sides, skirt, back, and platform. Next, vacuum all the sides of the loose cushions.

After vacuuming, replace the cushions. Use an electric mixer to blend together ¼ cup liquid dish detergent or laundry detergent and one cup of water. Do this until its suds are like whipped cream.

Test the upholstery for fading by dipping a clean piece of cloth into the mixture you made. Mildly rub the cloth against the back side of the upholstered furniture. If the specific portion of the furniture faded, shrank, or discolored after drying, ask for professional help in cleaning your upholstery. Otherwise, you can proceed to the next step.

Select a specific area of the upholstery. Dip the cloth into the cleaning mixture and rub the cloth on this area. Dirt will eventually appear in the suds. Use a scraper to remove the dirt.

Wipe a damp cloth to rinse the part of the furniture you have just cleaned. Perform the same procedures on the other parts of the upholstery. Let the upholstery dry for one day. Use an electric fan for this process to hasten the drying.

How to Clean Plasma Screens

Plasma screens (also known as plasma display panels) are often used in flat screen TVs. Tiny cells hold the noble gases neon and xenon between two glass panels. When the TV is turned on, the gas turns into plasma which produces phosphors that release light. The screen needs to be regularly maintained so that it can be clear at all times.

Before cleaning the plasma TV, check the manual the TV came with. Particular brands and models of TVs may have specific instructions for cleaning. The manual may also contain specific things that should be avoided when cleaning the TV. It can also recommend specific brands and materials to use when cleaning. Manuals can also instruct you how often you should clean the TV.

Always use soft cloth when wiping the screen. The recommended material is pure cotton. Cloth made of the finest quality micro-fibers is best. Paper towels or toilet paper could scratch the screen.

There are commercially available special kits for cleaning plasma TVs. When using these, make sure to read the labels before using them. Avoid ammonia-based cleaners as these can damage the anti-reflective coating on the screen. Micro fiber cloths and cleaning solutions are often included in these cleaning kits. These can often be found in hardware and equipment stores.

Make sure to wipe the dust off the area around the plasma screen with the cotton or micro fiber cloth. Don’t forget to wipe the operating buttons once in a while so  they don’t accumulate dust. You can use a moist cloth for wiping then use a second dry cloth to remove any excess moisture.

Fingerprints and dirt are easily visible in the glossy screen. Use the soft cloth and special cleaner to wipe the plasma screen.

Clean the vents of the plasma TV. It is the part of the TV that allows heat to dissipate. Any dirt clogging should be removed so that the TV does not overheat. Use the vacuum cleaner’s lowest setting with its hose attachment to clean the vent.