Category Archives: Cleaning

How to Clean Leather

Leather is a material used in jackets, luggage, and household furniture. It is made by tanning the skin and hides of animals. The skin used is often from cattle. To maintain your leather, it should be cleaned regularly.


Materials Needed


  • gentle moisturizing soap
  • olive oil
  • water
  • three pieces of soft, clean cloth

Test the cleaning materials on a small patch of the leather. This is to make sure the cleaner won’t change its color or moisture.

If you’re cleaning a big area on your leather, use the whole rag. For small spots, you may need to use only the corner of the rag. Run the cloth under tap water. Squeeze out excess water from the rag before putting a little amount of soap.

Before the actual cleaning, rub the rag against itself to bring it to a light lather. Don’t use the actual soap on your leather. Instead, smoothly stroke a light lather onto the surface of the leather until it becomes dirt free.

Use a slightly moist rag to wipe off any residue from the leather.

You should never rinse the leather with a soaking wet cloth or under running water. Too much moisture will damage the leather.

Use a clean dry rag to absorb the thin layer of excess water that may still be on the surface after rinsing. Let the leather dry in open air for a few minutes.

Cleaning the leather with soap removes some of its natural oils, so you should condition the leather. Place a very tiny amount of olive oil on a soft, dry cloth and gently stroke the cloth onto the leather. Apply only a little amount of oil. Too much olive oil will make your material greasy or damp, drawing dust and dirt. Darker or shinier leather shows that it has too much oil.

Keep away from materials like wax, shoe polish, and mink oil when cleaning leather garments or furniture.

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How to Clean Dryer Duct

Dryer ducts are the part of the clothes dryers used to filter dirt from clothes. Cleaning your dryer duct prevents fires and eliminates the chance of carbon monoxide poisoning. Before you clean a dryer duct, you should determine first if it is dirty.

The first indication is unusually hot clothes when you take them out of the dryer. The second is that the clothes take longer to dry than usual. You need to clean your dryer if you notice any or both of these signs.


Steps in Cleaning the Dryer Duct


  1. Locate the vent cover for the dryer. Remove the lint that has accumulated on the cover with your hands or a damp cloth.
  2. Disconnect the flexible duct from the dryer’s rear. Take a wet/dry vacuum, turn it on, and insert it into the duct as far as you can and turn it on. Afterwards, perform the same process to the other end of your duct. You also have to vacuum out the port found on the dryer’s rear.
  3. Locate the louvered vent outside the house. Remove the vent and insert the vacuum in the duct to get rid of dust and lint. Do these steps every one to two years.
  4. As a maintenance procedure, you should clean the lint trap after every load. Never let your dryer run while it is unattended to minimize dirt.
  5. If you are encountering problems cleaning your dryer duct and if you think you need help in cleaning it, contact a professional cleaner to do the task for you.

How to Clean Bronze

Bronze is a kind of metal that refers to a range of copper alloys with tin as the main constituent. It is used for a number of items, such as home decor and musical instruments. Exposure to air and moisture causes bronze to oxidize, forming a greenish layer over the metal.

This kind of metal loses its luster over time. They need to be cleaned and polished regularly to maintain it. Even antique bronze items need maintenance so that they will look elegant.

Make sure to dust bronze items regularly with a soft cloth. You can use a brush attached to the nozzle of your vacuum cleaner to suck the dust. For hard to reach crevices, use a toothbrush. Grime can be removed with plain soap and water. However, make sure never to use hard water for the cleaning.




  • container big enough for the bronze item;
  • a stove for boiling;
  • cloth;
  • soap or salt, vinegar and flour (you can also use commercial cleaners and polish); and
  • chamois leather.


Boiling Water Method


Place the bronze item in the container with boiling water. Remove it from the container and rub with flannel cloth in soapsuds. Stains and marks can be rubbed off gently.

Chamois leather is the best material for drying it. Make sure it is completely dry to prevent rust.


The Salt, Vinegar, and Flour Method


Make a paste from one teaspoon salt and one cup of vinegar mixed with water. Apply this paste evenly to the bronze item. Leave the paste on for an hour. Rinse off with warm water. Polish it dry with chamois cloth.

There are also commercially available polishing solutions. Take care not to make your bronze too shiny if it is an antique as this may be a distraction from the quality of the piece.

How to Clean Brass

Brass is a mixture of zinc and copper, which may sometimes include other metals. It has been in active use for manufacturing and for ornaments due to its versatility and lustrous golden color. However, as with all metals, brass may corrode and tarnish over years of use. Proper care and cleaning can greatly enhance the luster of brass.

Consider some things before deciding to clean brass pieces. Not all tarnished brass items need to be cleaned. Tarnish may produce a desirable patina that enhances a decorative piece. This is particularly true for antique pieces, which may be quite vulnerable to excessive cleaning and abrasive cleansers. It might be more prudent to have a professional clean the piece.

You should also establish whether the item is truly made of brass. You can do this by holding a magnet next to the object. If the magnet sticks, the object may either contain no brass or may just be brass-plated. Using abrasive cleaning techniques to brass-plated items could wear through the thin plating.

After considering these points, one can now proceed to cleaning the brass item.


Materials and Tools Needed


  • mild liquid soap;
  • hot water;
  • rubber gloves;
  • soft cloth;
  • old toothbrush;
  • varnish or Lacquer remover;
  • brass polish;
  • old newspaper;
  • cotton wool;
  • paint brush; and
  • clear Lacquer suitable for brass.


Basic Steps in Cleaning Brass


  1. Wash the brass piece with soapy water. Dirty or oily pieces are simply cleaned by wiping a soft cloth dipped in water mixed with mild detergent. An old toothbrush may be used to get into hard-to-reach places or inside delicate engravings. Make sure to brush gently to avoid damaging the piece.
  2. Remove the lacquer by applying a paint or varnish remover with a paintbrush. Lay down newspapers to protect one’s work area. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions when using these chemicals as these are typically flammable. Use rubber gloves for protection and work in a well-ventilated area.
  3. Polish the brass piece with a brass polish applied with a clean cloth. Use a dry second cloth to buff the brass into a dazzling shine.
  4. Heavily tarnished brass can be cleaned with hot vinegar. This is done by placing dirty brass pieces in boiling vinegar. This procedure should be done in a well-ventilated area as the fumes are strong, albeit not toxic. The acid in the vinegar will turn the brass into a reddish color, which can be polished off easily. This procedure is effective in removing heavy tarnish and the green residue from older pieces.
  5. Re-apply lacquer to give the brass piece a protective coat that will help keep its shimmer. Apply an even thin layer of lacquer using a paintbrush or cotton ball. Make sure to wipe up any drips before they dry. Do not touch the brass piece until the lacquer is completely dry.
  6. Wipe off the brass piece with a soft dry cloth as needed. The piece would only require regular dusting once it has regained its natural shine.

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Underarm Stains

Here are some ways and leading products that can help remove underarm stains on your shirt:




Wipe the whole concerned area with white vinegar. Soak the shirt with denatured alcohol (do not mistake it with rubbing alcohol). Then, wash the cloth with detergent using the hottest water safe for the fabric. Do not try this to dry-clean clothes.


Clorox Bleach Pen


You can bleach stained spots on clothing without having the entire shirt bleached. A part of the product has an end tip for precise bleaching of areas on fabric. You can use the other end of the pen to scrub and brush the area after bleaching.


OxiClean Laundry Stain Remover


Pour water into a basin just enough to cover the shirt. Add one or two scoops of the product. Allow the shirt to soak for a day or two then wash the cloth. This product claims to remove the toughest stains quickly.


Zout Stain Remover


This comes in a spray, liquid, and Ox Foam varieties. It knocks off tough stains without you exerting a lot of effort.


Spray and Wash Stain Stick


This is a pre-treatment in dealing with stains. This is convenient for many, especially for busy families, since it allows them to treat stains for now and wash the stained cloth days later.


Spray and Wash Dual Power Laundry Stain Remover


This features the power of a pre-treatment and an enzyme cleaner. As a pre-treatment, it wipes out stains. An enzyme cleaner increases that ability to remove stains. This effervescent stain remover knocks down tough stains easily.


Tide Stain Brush


This is a battery operated stain remover brush. It rubs its liquid product into stains, enabling them to be pre-treated so that they are removed easily.


Shout Gel


This features an incorporated fabric brush. Used along with its stain removal gel, this brush claims to be a powerful stain remover. It is efficient even in cold water washes and rinses.

It is a lot easier to prevent having underarm stains than removing them. It is advised that you only use deodorant instead of antiperspirant as the latter’s chemicals combine with sweat and other factors to produce stains. Be sure that you’re underarm is dry after applying roll-ons before putting on your clothes.