Category Archives: DIY

How to Apply Camouflage Face Paint

Applying camouflage face paint should only take about five minutes. It is important to camouflage face, neck and behind the ears when hunting as the natural oils in skin will reflect light and draw attention. Camouflage requires two colours and is applied in an irregular patter all over the face and neck. Follow the instructions below to have a camouflaged face within minutes whether for costume, hunting or military purposes.

Costume purpose camouflage

Required materials

  • Water based theatrical makeup

Required tools

  • Make up sponge
  • Paintbrushes
  • Mirror

Instructions

  1. On a single makeup sponge dab light green paint on one end, and dark green on the other end.
  2. On another makeup sponge, apply light brown on one end, and dark brown on the other.
  3. Holding a sponge in each hand, dab colours all over face and neck in an irregular pattern. Ensure the cheekbone, nose and areas around the eyes are covered.

Military and hunting purpose camouflage

Required materials

  • Camouflage sticks
  • Burnt cork
  • Burnt bark
  • Charcoal
  • Lamp black
  • Light coloured mud

Required tools

  • Mirror
  • Assistance

Instructions

  1. When applying camouflage stick to your skin, work with a partner.
  2. Apply a two-coloured combination of camouflage stick in an irregular pattern.
  3. Paint shiny areas such as forehead, cheekbones, nose, ears and chin with a dark colour.
  4. Paint shadow like areas: around the eyes, under the nose, and around the chin with a light colour.
  5. Paint the exposed skin on the back of the neck, arms, and hands.
  6. If arm and hand signals will be used, paint palms.

Tips and warnings

  • Use black sparingly for military and hunting purposes. Black is not a natural colour.
  • Always have someone check you over when applying face paint for military and hunting purposes.
  • The key intention is to break up the outline of your face. Do not create any shapes that represent your facial features. Do not create black outlines around the mouth, nose or eyes.
  • Create small lines (large tiger stripe lines will only make you quite obvious).
  • Don’t forget to camouflage your lips and eyelids.
  • Soften camouflage sticks with insect repellent as the sticks can become hardened. (Using insect repellant to soften them will keep bugs off at the same time. This is important for military and hunting camouflage.)
  • If you intend to go through water, use oil based face paint to prevent camouflage from washing off.

How to Apply Stucco

There are many ways to give your home a creative make over and adding a stucco finish to your walls is one of the many. Not only is it easy to do and inexpensive, it is also relatively stress free. If done correctly a stucco finished wall will produce eye catching results that will beautifully complement any room.

Materials

  • Stucco
  • Trowel
  • Plasterer’s rake
  • Concrete bond
  • Nails
  • Metal netting
  • Plastic bottle with spray nozzle attached
  • Water
  • Roofing felt
  • Tin snips

Applying stucco to concrete or masonry

  1. Brush wall with a concrete bonding agent.
  2. Allow it to dry completely.
  3. Apply stucco with a scratch coat. This requires a ¼-½ inch layer of mortar applied directly to the wall.
  4. Allow the scratch coat to harden slightly.
  5. Scratch mortar to a depth of 1/8 inch.
  6. Allow it to harden for 36-48 hours.
  7. Periodically mist the surface with water to keep it moist.
  8. After the curing period has elapsed, apply a finish coat to your desired texture 1/8”-¼” thick.
  9. Allow to cure for a further 36-48 hours.
  10. Mist periodically to keep surface moist.

Applying stucco to wood walls

  1. Nail 15 pound roofing felt over wood wall.
  2. Cover roofing felt with 17-gauge metal netting by attaching it to the wall with galvanised roofing nails.
  3. Trim excess with tin snips.
  4. Apply a scratch coat by using a trowel to spread a ¼-½ inch layer of mortar.
  5. Force the mortar carefully into the netting.
  6. Allow the scratch coat to harden slightly before continuing.
  7. Use plasterer’s rake to scratch the entire mortar coat to a depth of at least 1/8 inch.
  8. Allow scratch coat to cure for at least 36-48 hours.
  9. Mist wall periodically to keep the area damp. If weather is hot and dry more frequent misting may be required.
  10. Apply the finish coat after scratch coat is completely dry.
  11. Use a flat finish trowel to apply a finish coat between 1/8” and ¼” thick to the scratch coat.
  12. Finish stucco to desired texture and allow it to cure for several more days.

Tips and warnings

  • The scratch coat is essential (without a scratch coat the finish coat will not bond properly).
  • Before starting, decide on the colour you want for your stucco walls. If you want to colour your stucco, add the relevant dye and mix it with the stucco until you’re satisfied. Start with a little dye and add more as you progress to create the colour you want.
  • If powdered pigment dye is being used, add water to it first and mix it completely before adding it to stucco.
  • Misting should not be neglected as it will create the best possible appearance when your project is completed.
  • Stucco finishes do not have to be textured; the finish coat may be applied to look.
  • Be sure that the texture you choose for your stucco works with the rest of the room. Try to decide on what texture you will apply before you start working.
  • When working with stucco mortar a slow and careful curing will work best and provide the greatest strength.
  • Wait at least six weeks before painting stucco walls. Only use paints specifically formulated to cover stucco walls.

How to Repair a Storm Window

After the storm season passes, and autumn sets in, home owners are desperate to repair their storm windows in preparation for the cold winter season. Repairing storm windows is a moderate to difficult job and will require some assistance.

Materials

  • Silicone spray
  • Replacement screen mount Screen
  • Screws
  • Glass or plexi-glass
  • Silicone caulking
  • Window glaze
  • Glass cleaner
  • Soap and water

Tools

  • Ice pick or scratch awl
  • Utility knife
  • Screwdrivers
  • Hammer
  • Cloths for cleaning
  • Hand held vacuum
  • Sand paper with a fine grade
  • Steel wool
  • Small bristle paint brush

Repairing glass

  1. Remove combination window carefully. If glass is broken, remove as much broken glass before taking the window out.
  2. Check form sealant around the outside edges and use a utility knife to break that seal. The combination window will come out once the broken glass and screws are removed.
  3. Remove glass holders ensuring that all the glass is removed.
  4. Use steel wool or sandpaper to clean the area where the glass will be replaced.
  5. Reinstall the new glass or plexi-glass and check the casement window to see if it needs cleaning or repairing before replacing the combination window.
  6. Clean the area where the combination will be replaced and apply caulk at the facing of the casement window. Reinstall.
  7. Lubricate any areas of the window track needed.
  8. Clean the window again on the outside once installed.

Repairing screen only

  1. If only a screen is damaged, it is not necessary to remove the combination.
  2. Find the end of the rubber moulding and gently remove it.
  3. Remove the screen and cut a new screen using the old one as a pattern.
  4. Replace and push back into the moulding.
  5. If moulding is old, worn out or brittle, replace it.

If your windows are too damaged to be repaired, follow the steps below to replace them entirely

Replacing windows

  1. Clean and repair any damage to the casement window before reinstalling combination storm windows.
  2. Measure windows. Measure the old combination for exact size or measure the existing window opening.
  3. Write down the correct measurements and the number of windows needed. Go to your local hardware store and provide your specifications. Pick out your windows.
  4. Ensure windows fit before applying caulking or making any trimming marks on them. If they do not fit and you have marked or cut them, they cannot be returned to the store.
  5. If your new windows do not have pre-drilled holes, drill holes in them 10-16 inches apart. See to it that you have screws at the top and bottom corners and each side centre.
  6. More than six screws may be needed depending on the window’s size.
  7. Centre the storm window from side to side and bottom to top.
  8. Apply the caulk and screw to secure the window.
  9. To finish, run a small bead of caulk around the edge of the window, side to side and bottom to top. Do not caulk over the weep holes at the bottom of the window as they allow air ventilation.

Tips and Warnings

  • Before repairing your storm windows ensure that maintenance are up to par. Clean the windows with a garden hose before you start working.
  • Work in a comfortable space, free from foot traffic and disturbances.

How to Fix a Slow Drain

Several substances can block drain and cause you the frustration of having a slow drain.
While clumps of hair tend to clog bathroom drains, food particles are usually what clog kitchen drains. If the blockage is not severe, a plunger can be used to dislodge small particles and allow water to move along the drain. In other instances a bent coat hanger can be used to pull out objects that are causing the obstruction. For very severe blockages a chemical alternative or the expertise of a plumber is necessary. However, before taking the pricey professional route, a few everyday household items can be applied.

Materials

  • ½ cup baking soda
  • ½ cup white vinegar
  • 2 quarts of boiling water

Instructions

  1. Pour half cup of baking soda down the clogged drain.
  2. Pour half cup of white vinegar down the clogged drain.
  3. Wait between 25-30 minutes.
  4. Pour the boiling water down the clogged drain.
  5. Wait for a couple of minutes.
  6. Check to see if the remedy worked by turning on the tap.

Tips and Warnings

  • If none of the home remedies work, a stronger chemical for this purpose can be bought at the store. Although these chemicals are much stronger, they are safe to be used in bathroom drains and septic tanks.
  • If all home remedies fail, do not try to pull apart or fix the drain yourself. Contact a plumber.
  • To avoid slow drains from occurring initially take extra care when handling small food particles in kitchen sinks, and hair in bathtubs.
  • Do not try to wash small particles down any drain purposefully. It may be small enough to pass the drain entry, but it may get stuck in the loops of the drain pipe.

How to Install a Handrail

Can you imagine how many persons would fall while going up and down a stairway if there where no railings? Do not allow this to happen to you. Installing a stairway can be affordable and easily installed.
In a few easy steps you will have a safer house just follow the instructions listed below.

Required Materials

  • Handrail
  • Mounting Bracelets
  • Chalk Line

Required Tools

  • Screw Driver
  • Drill
  • Saw

Instructions

  1. Calculate the height of the handrail.
  2. Mark the top and bottom of your staircase.
  3. Draw chalk lines between the two marks.
  4. Mark your mounting locations on the studs with a stud finder.
  5. Using the chalk lines as a guide mark the holes for your mounting bracelets.
  6. Drill pilot holes into the studs.
  7. Screw your mounting bracelets to the wall.
  8. Cut your handrail to the length you want it.
  9. Paint your handrail in desired color.
  10. Allow to dry.
  11. Fasten the handrail to the mounting bracelets.

Tips

  • Try using powder instead of actual chalk as it is easier to remove than the chalk.
  • Use protective gears such as goggles and gloves when applying paint.
  • Use darker shades of paint on the railing as dirt and grime become visible easier on lighter colors.
  • Ensure that each railing is securely attached.
  • If your house has old plaster and lath walls then you may be required to purchase longer screws.
  • Never attempt to make use a home made bracket for mounting and supporting a handrail.
  • In a case that your handrail bends or covers more than one section of the wall then install each section as independent units.

How to Repair a Fiberglass Hull on Boats

The hull is very important to boats because it keeps them afloat. If it is in bad shape, these water vehicles just cannot be as efficient, safe and high performing. Even though they are made from reliable materials like fiberglass, cracks, holes and damages may soon develop on them after some time. By learning how to repair a fiberglass hull on boats, they can easily solve these inconveniences even without spending too much in exchange for professional help.

Materials Needed

For people who are very much eager to learn how to repair a fiberglass hull on boats, they need to gather all the important materials and tools for the job. Among them are sandpaper, scissors and a fiberglass repair kit. Furthermore, do not forget to bring a de-waxing solvent, a dust mask and safety glasses. Moreover, this task can be easier with the availability of other things including resin roller, Formica and paste wax. Other things to bring are polyvinyl alcohol, disk grinder and rags.

Steps

Doing this particular project is not that hard. Identify parts that need repair. Work on these damaged parts one at a time. Start with one part. After deciding where to start, remove the damage by cutting it out of the hull. From the damage, cut your way up to 12 inches from its center. For instance, cut out a 17-inch diameter hole for a damaged part that extends to 5 inches.

Do the work from the inner part to make the task easier. Buy a de-waxing solvent and then use it to take out the wax from the part that is under repair. Be sure to de-wax the inner part as well as the outer part of the hole. Get the disk grinder then use it to make the edges smooth. If this tool does not get the job done, use sandpaper instead as support in enhancing the texture of the edges.

The next step is to put a coat of paste wax right into the damaged area. When doing so, spare the edges of the hole. Get a big piece of Formica, preferably one that is larger than the hole itself. Right onto the Formica, apply some polyvinyl alcohol. Use it as a backer by taping it right at the outside of the hull, particularly at the center of the damage.

It is now time to use the fiberglass repair kit. This includes a resin, a gel coat, a fiberglass fabric and a catalyst. Get a piece of fabric and cut it the same size similar to that of the Formica. For this one, several layers can do the job right. Likewise, add the resin and the catalyst. Spray or paint about 20 millimeters thick of gel coat on the backing right from the outside.

Use polyester resin to moisten the mat and fabric. Simply put the three initial layers of fabric and mat into the gel coat. Get the resin roller and use it to smooth the bubbles out. Follow them up with another four layers. After putting on the final layer, use the resin roller on it. This will produce a finished look. Seal it with polyvinyl alcohol. After this, you can now take the Formica backing off. Cover the imperfections with gel coat and then let it dry for some time.

How to Tie a Neckerchief

The use of neckerchief is a common practice worldwide. It continues to be associated with various kinds of groups and movements including scouting. In the navy, some ranks use it as part of their regular uniform. More importantly, it is widely used all over the world to protect the neck area, especially during warm sunny days. Learning how to tie a neckerchief is very easy and offers numerous advantages and benefits.

Important Steps in Learning How to Tie a Neckerchief

Set a handkerchief on top of a flat surface such as tables and desks. Get one of its edges, preferably the one at the upper right part of the cloth. Fold it diagonally right into the bottom left part. Join the two edges. The handkerchief will then have two layers overlapping each other. From above, the cloth will appear in a triangular form.

Comprised of three sides, determine the longest side of the cloth. This side is basically connected to the lower layer of cloth. Beginning from this particular side, hold its two edges and then roll the cloth slowly towards the opposite point of the line. Stop folding upon reaching the halfway point of the cloth. Put the cloth on top of your nape with its edges hanging on the two shoulders. Use your right hand to hold the edge on the same side. Do the same thing with your left hand. Line and bind the two edges together. Use either a thread or any string available.

When the two edges are held in their proper places, tie them together using a square knot. Simply overlap one edge over the other and tie the knot. Do this so that the neckerchief will not fall off even if pressure is applied. At the same time, the knot must not get loose even if there is constant movement happening. By wearing this cloth, people are protected from the rays of the sun, which is closely associated with certain illnesses such as skin cancer.

Additional Tips and Information

Before you bask under the sun, use the appropriate and highly recommended protection on the skin. This neckerchief can truly help prevent the sun’s rays from burning the skin, but its coverage is very much limited to the nape and neck areas. To back this cloth, put on some sunblock or sunscreen. These products are clinically proven safe and effective against the ultraviolet rays. Some of these things provide sun protection factor of up to 50 to 75 times, a perfect complement indeed to the use of neckerchief.

How to Texture Drywall

People can use many different ways to improve the appearance of their walls at home. One of these is to add texture to them. Learning how to texture drywall is a very easy thing. Doing this can give your walls better design, added beauty and more life. By using this particular skill, people can save some money instead of spending them on the services of professional wall designers.

Materials Needed

Find out how to texture drywall by trying in inside your homes. Simply gather necessary tools and materials first. These include stencils, plastic sheeting and a drywall joint compound. Also get other important items for the completion of this home improvement project like a soft-bristled brush, a taping knife and old paintbrushes.

Steps

When buying a drywall joint compound, let the hardware owners and professionals mix it. This will make your task easier at home. Before beginning with this project, it is very important to free the walls from possible obstacles like furniture, paintings and home appliances. Take them as far as possible from the walls. If this is not possible, simply cover them with drop cloths or plastic sheeting. Do the same thing for the floors. Of course, there must be no wallpapers, posters and other coverings on the walls.

Get the taping knife. Dip it and then spread a little part of it in one part of the wall. Experts recommend starting at strategic spots like corners, baseboards and ceilings. Each part must have a coat of at least 1/8-inch of the compound. For those who wish their walls thicker, they can simply add more coating on the walls. Doing this can give the wall a thicker but definitely rougher texture.

Never rush the application of the compound on the walls. Be sure to do this nicely and slowly to achieve good results. The idea behind texturing drywall is to create random designs. In order to make this happen, the use of old paintbrushes can really help. Use them to spread some coats on the wall. Spread the compound sideways, upwards or even in circular motions with the help of paintbrushes. Another material that fits this kind of task is a sponge, which can be used to create random and varied designs. This item creates different forms and designs unlike paintbrushes.

The idea is to make the walls as random as possible. Putting pre-conceived ideas and designs also look great on walls. Likewise, use your hands and feet to create unique forms of texture on the walls. Do this task part by part. Do not exhaust the entire walls right away. After applying a small amount of compound on one part, follow it right away with the texturing process. Do the same thing to the other parts of the walls.

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How to Repair Fiberglass Cracks on Boats

People use fiberglass boats in various kinds of water activities like island hopping, diving and fishing. Many of them use such reliable water vehicle because they are made from inexpensive, durable and light materials. Despite all these wonderful qualities, these things are subject to wear and tear. Furthermore, there are unavoidable incidents that take place while people are afloat while riding their boats like collisions and accidental bumps. By learning how to repair fiberglass cracks on boats, they can easily solve such simple problems.

Materials Needed

When trying to find out how to repair fiberglass cracks on boats, people need certain materials. These include marine-type gel enamel, resin applicator and fiberglass cloth. Also part of the job is a small paintbrush for applying enamel. Meanwhile, epoxy resin is very important in filling out holes and cracks all throughout the boat. Finally, bring in sandpaper, which is vital in restoring the smooth texture and appearance of the repaired parts of the vessel.

Steps

Just like all the tasks out there, this one puts safety as one of its priorities. To ensure safety, use rubber gloves when handling and applying the materials for this job. Some of these important materials contain harmful chemicals that can be very irritating to the skin. Furthermore, cover all those precious eyes with safety goggles to prevent wayward chemicals from entering and affecting this all-important part of the human body.

When the vital parts are covered, simply check and mark the different cracks in the boat’s body. Make it sure not to skip any of them. Repair the imperfections by applying epoxy resin in each of them. In order to do this, use the resin applicator. This particular must be fast in order for the resin not to dry out right away. Never let this material stand for longer periods because it is quick drying.

Put a thin coat of resin on every void and crack. Top each of them with a layer of fiberglass cloth. Place the layer of cloth right away after applying the resin. By doing this step, the fiberglass cloths are held tightly in place.

For four to six hours, wait for the solution to dry out completely. Next thing to do is to put a small amount of water on sandpaper. Use it to level the patches as well as the rough edges that may have been created while the boat is under repair. This particular step must be done carefully and slowly. It is highly important to take note that overdoing this step can result in something undesirable.

Get the paintbrush and then use it to put a coat of marine gel enamel on the repaired parts. After this, the repaired areas look significantly shiny and newer than before. The marine gel enamel will also serve as protection for the repaired parts from too much exposure to seawater and all the accompanying conditions.

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How to Repair Fiberglass Boat Floors

No matter durable and reliable fiberglass boats are, they may come a time when these marine vehicles need some repair. The floors of these boats are most of the time in contact with water, which is why damage and other imperfections are to be expected. To fix these holes and cracks, people can study how to repair fiberglass boat floors. By following these simple and easy steps, they can restore the performance as well as the quality of their boats in no time.

Materials Needed

It usually takes time, experience and practice, but the process of learning how to repair It usually takes time, experience and practice, but the process of learning how to repair fiberglass boat floors is definitely very easy. Before starting out this particular project, procure all the necessary materials. Get a paintbrush, preferably a small one for applying enamel. To fill out cracks and voids on the boat floor, buy any kind of epoxy resin. Likewise, also bring in a resin applicator. Furthermore, sandpaper, marine-type gel enamel and fiberglass cloth are needed as well to restore the efficiency, performance as well as the appearance of the boat floors.

Steps

Safety is very important especially when dealing with certain kinds of chemicals. To be safe all throughout the project, be sure to wear the right safety equipment. A pair of goggles can help a lot in protecting the eyes. In addition, protect those hands with a pair of safety gloves. They will prevent the hands from being in direct contact with dust, dirt and chemicals.

After wearing these safety gears, locate all the possible cracks, holes and voids on the floor of the boat. Be sure to mark them with chalk, pen or pencil so as not to skip anything in the process. When handling epoxy resin, it is very important to remember that this is a quick-dry solution. This will dry quickly once exposed for a considerably long time.

In every hole or crack, fill it with resin until it is at the same level with the other parts of the boat floor. Right after the resin, put on top of it a fiberglass cloth. Be sure that the cloth is held tightly in place. The repaired areas usually take somewhere around four to six hours to dry. After this particular step, it is now time to get the sandpaper. Use it to make the edges even in the repaired areas. Before doing this important step, dip the sandpaper first in water then chip off uneven areas.

Get the paintbrush and then dip it on the marine gel enamel. Apply a small coat of it on every repaired part. This will produce a shiny glow for a smoother appearance. More importantly, it will also protect the repaired parts from various factors affecting the overall performance and quality of fiberglass floors.

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