A guitar capo is a device clamped on the different frets of the guitar to change the pitch and key of the open strings. It allows you to change a song’s key without having to adjust the tuning keys. With a guitar capo, only the open, unfretted strings change their pitch while the keys of the fretted notes are not affected. Guitar capos are ideally placed near the fret as much as possible. It is best to set some modern clamp capos on the fret itself instead of placing them behind the fret.
There are many different styles of guitar capos that use a wide range of mechanisms. However, most of them use a metal clamp, a rubber-covered bar secured by a nylon string or a strip of elastic, or another device to hold down the strings.
There are also variations in design that allow a range of advantages to guitar players. For instance, a capo with double rollers, which are placed above the neck and beneath, allows quick and easy key changes without having to stop sets or tunes. Meanwhile, clamp-style capos attached from the side of the neck can leave one or two strings open. This allows for variations in tunings without a change in the playing of chords above the capo. A partial capo allows individual control over the clamped strings. This new design allows for a vast variant of sounds available for the player without having to change the tuning.
A guitar capo is a device that is rather easy to make using easily available materials. Below is a step-by-step procedure on how to put together a home-made guitar capo.
- 2 live strong bracelets
- A thick marker
- Set the marker over the fret where you intend to have the capo. One by one, wrap both bracelets over both ends of the marker.
- Tune up the guitar and play away.
- Repeat the procedure for other frets.