Planning the Site
It is important to know that pineapples need plenty of sunlight and the temperature where they are planted should never fall below 16 degrees centigrade. If low winter temperature poses a problem, consider growing the pineapple in a pot so that it can be moved indoors if necessary. The maximum temperature should not exceed 30 degrees centigrade.
Be prepared to deal with a large pineapple plant, which can reach a total height of up to 30 inches. And be prepared to see it happen soon after you start!
- basic gardening equipment
- planting pot at least 5 inches in diameter; clay pots are preferred for better drainage
- potting soil – dark soil that you can get at a garden store
- a glass
Preparing the Site
Cut off the green crown from your pineapple. Make sure there is no fruit attached to the crown and pull off the few lowest leaves. Keep the crown aside in a cool, dry place for a few days before planting.
Place potting soil in the pot along with some sand to ensure that excess water drains away. Put the pineapple crown in the soil but leave the top portion exposed.
Water the plant every two weeks. Be sure not to overwater it, you should keep it moist but never very wet. A decent level of moisture will ensure that the growth is steady and the plant is healthy. Always water the plant from the bottom.
Add fertilizer to your plant at least 4 times a year but never more than 6 times a year. The pineapple plant needs high levels of nitrogen, potassium, and iron. The fertilizer you choose should have these elements present in the ingredients.
Under favorable conditions, you can expect pineapple plants to flower and fruit after 2 years, give or take 6 months. This is when you should expect the height of the plant to be about 18 inches and the diameter to be about 2 inches.
To find out whether your pineapple is ready to be picked, tap it with your finger and listen to the sound. A hollow thud indicates that it is still not ready, while a dull, solid sound tells you that it’s time to pick. Also note that one-fourth to one-half of the pineapple should be yellowed, not more, not less.
Pick the pineapple by pulling it near its base and twisting until the fruit snaps off from the plant.