There are lots of components in a computer that generate a certain amount of heat. These parts include the CPU (Central Processing Unit), Integrated Circuits, graphic cards, and chip sets. The amount of heat generated depends on the kind of parts, the length of time the system is used, and the area the computer is located in.
Excessive heat can cause the computer to malfunction. To keep it working at its optimum level, and to prevent any damages to its parts, its best to keep it within a safe temperature range.
Knowing the Normal Temperature
A computer system should run at a temperature that ranges from 10 to 20 degrees below the CPU temperature. The normal CPU temperature is around 120°F (49°C). Thus, the normal system temperature should be maintained between 100 and 110°F (38 to 43°C).
Using a Computer Cooling System
A computer cooling system is an excellent method of removing excess heat from the heated parts of the computer system.
There are several ways to perform cooling to remove excess heat:
- Ensure proper ventilation. It is recommended not to place personal computers in an enclosed cabinet, unless the back part is open. Modern computer systems require constant cool air circulating through them in order to prevent internal parts from rising above the normal temperature.
- Use a CPU fan. The CPU fan is the simplest and most practical way of keeping your CPU cool. It will also speed up the air exchange between the cooler’s ambient mode and the heated mode.
It is fixed into the internal part of the CPU. The fan starts at the same time as the CPU.
- Use a heat sink. A heat sink is employed to enhance heat dissipation over the system’s surface area for a more effective cooling effect. It is usually attached to heat generating electronic components, like microprocessors.
This computer cooling system is vital as it guarantees the smooth operation of all the parts of the computer system.
- Use a Thermal Analysis Tool. It is the computer software that monitors and measures the temperature of the CPU. It can be downloaded immediately from its creator — Intel Corporation.
- Some other less popular techniques are:
- thermal conduction
- liquid cooling
- heat piping