How to Use a Router

A router is a device used to create a network. This is often used so that computers in the same location can share resources and files. It is also commonly used to provide an Internet connection to several systems.

When figuring out how to use a router, always refer first to the manual included with the device you purchased. You can also download one online or check the website of the manufacturer. The specifics of configuring a router may depend on the model and brand you are using.

 

Steps in Using a Router

 

  1. Connect your computer to the router with the use of an Ethernet cable, which should be plugged into one of the LAN ports. Even if your router has wireless access, you have to connect with a cable because some changes in configuration may alter the wireless signal.
  2. Log in to the configuration application of the router by typing the router’s IP address into the Web browser’s address bar. This starts with “http://” and is usually followed by a series of numbers punctuated by periods. The format is often like this 000.000.0.0. You can get the router’s IP address from the manual or the manufacturer’s website. This depends on the brand and model of the router you are using.
  3. Type in your router’s username and password. Default settings will often enable you to have “admin” to be the username and password. The router’s main configuration site will be displayed in the browser’s window. There will be several links on this page that will allow you to modify how you want your router to run.
  4. Adjust the router’s IP address to an address that will not conflict with the network’s main address. For example, if the main router’s address is 192.168.1.1, set the router’s IP address to 192.168.1.2.
  5. Turn the DHCP server off. The DHCP server enables the router to designate IP addresses to the connected computers.
  6. Turn off the DNS server. This server is used to interpret IP addresses into the more well-known “www” addresses that are used to reach a Web page. A router used as a switch doesn’t have to carry out this job.
  7. If the router has firewall options, turn them off. This will necessitate disabling some settings in some routers.
  8. Set the router’s mode to switch or gateway if it has an “Operating mode” setting.
  9. Omit all entries under the router’s “Put forwarding” section. These entries may have been used for some unnecessary applications. Configure the wireless portion of your router to function as an access point, if this setting is available.
  10. Save all settings you have changed. Restart the router and check if the changes you made are already in effect.