A résumé lists a person’s personal, educational, and professional information and experience. It is often used when applying for employment. It provides all the information needed to prove that a person is qualified for a job. The goal of the résumé is to interest the person reading it so that you may be invited for an interview.
Before writing your résumé, plan its purpose and its audience. Most people are equipped with more than one set of skills. Determine which experiences and skills are significant to the position you are applying for. Focus on the things which you can use in the prospective job and leave out the insignificant information. You may need to create specific résumés for each job you apply for.
The Chronological Résumé gives your job information and accomplishments on chronological order, starting with the most recent. This is best for you if you are successful in your current job and if you are applying for a position similar to it. It may show gaps in your work history.
The Functional Résumé lists your work experiences and achievements under skill headings. This enables you to highlight your strong points and hide any gap in your work history. This is preferred by those who are switching careers and new graduates who have skills but with little or no work experience at all.
The Major Parts of a Résumé
- The Heading contains your full name and contact details: telephone number, email address and place of residence (address).
- The Job Objective specifies the position that you are applying for. This is essential because your target employer may have several openings available.
- The Skills Section is where you enumerate the pertinent skills that make you qualified for the job. Make sure that you give only factual information about yourself.
- The Education Section shows if you have the educational background that prepared you for the job. List the degrees and classes you have taken which may be useful for the job. Include honors and awards you received, as well as membership in academic and social organizations.
Some Tips in Writing Your Résumé
Keep a record of your accomplishments, so that you can easily update and tailor your résumé to an employer’s needs.
Focus on successful experiences and accomplishments instead of tasks and responsibilities.
Keep the format of your résumé simple and consistent. Use only one or two fonts. Always proofread it to make sure that no minor errors escape notice. Check for spelling and grammatical errors. Print your résumé in quality paper. Have an electronic copy ready.