How to Convert Mp3 to M4a

MP3 is the worldwide standard for transporting audio files and it is compatible with almost every mobile music device there is; even proprietary devices such as iPods and Sony AC3 disc players still support MP3 even though they are made to interface with proprietary software.
M4A is an audio file format which may have audio streams formatted in Advanced Audio Coding or AAC as well as Apple’s proprietary audio formats; M4A is the audio extension for MP4 which is a video container format, but this does not mean that all audio streams in an MP4 container must be M4A – it only means that M4A was intended for use with MP4.
Container formats usually refer to video as is the case with MP4, which means that the format will contain streams which are usually audio and video; an audio stream in an MP4 container may be M4A, MP3 or anything else while the video stream could be DivX, X264 or whatever the original encoder decided to place in the container format.
Reasons for converting from the more popular MP3 to M4A format may include safeguarding your audio collection among other things; due to the popularity of the MP3 file format there have been instances where computer viruses target and delete MP3 files from a person’s computer, so converting your files to M4A would protect against this. Whatever your reasons are the process is fairly easy regardless of which software tool you use.

THINGS YOU WILL NEED

• Computer or laptop
• MP3 files
• Conversion software
• Internet connection (optional)

INSTRUCTIONS FOR ITUNES

1. If you have an Apple device such as an iPod or iPhone download the iTunes software.
2. Ensure that all MP3 music files are added to your library.
3. Locate the files you want to convert.
4. Right-click on the file and select “Convert Selection to AAC” from the list.
5. Once completed you may opt to delete the duplicate MP3 or leave it for your own purposes

INSTRUCTIONS WITHOUT ITUNES

1. If you have another M4A capable player that you would like to use then download a free conversion application such as Format Factory or paid solutions such as dBPowerAmp. At this point you may opt to use iTunes for the sake of music library management but if you don’t, then take the following steps.
2. Install the application after downloading and open it.
3. Locate the MP3 files you wish to convert and drag into the application window.
4. Choose or set the output file format to M3A.
5. Hit the button to start encoding.
6. On completion locate your converted M4A files in the output folder and use as you please.

DO’s AND DONT’s

Don’t delete the original MP3 file until you are sure that the M4A file was converted properly.
If using iTunes do not convert your MP3 files to protected M4A files as this may render them unplayable in any other device aside from an iPod or iPhone associated with the program.

How to Convert Mp3 to Avi

MP3 more correctly refers to the MPEG layer III compressed format used for the storage of audio information. It is commonly used on most media players and has the advantage of producing high quality audio in a compact format. It may also refer to the MPEG format, although this is not an entirely correct application of the term. The MPEG format is used to store both video and audio information. It can be played on some external devices and some computer based media players. MP3 or MPEG layer III formulates the audio component of the MPEG file format. AVI is another audio and video container format. It is widely compatible with most computer based media players and is the standard format utilized by DVD ripping programs. For this reason, it may be best to convert MPEG files to AVI for use in a variety of players. Performing a conversion from MPEG to AVI is really simple once a suitable program is used. There are many converters available online; most of these should be able to convert MPEG to AVI. For this example Digital Media Converter will be used.

Required Tools

Working Computer
Microsoft Operating System
Digital Media Converter

Required Materials

MPEG file(s)

Instructions

Digital Media Converter has several options for conversion. Files can be loaded and altered using the available settings in a few quick steps.

1. First download Digital Media Converter from the website. After it has been downloaded open the set up file and complete the installation.
2. Once installed open the program. You should see the interface immediately.
3. To load files, click the Add button located on the tool bar of the interface. A dialog will pop up showing you the file path options. Browse the files on the hard drive and find the MPEG file(s) that need to be converted. Highlight the file(s) and select the Open option to load them in the designated field.
4. Select the new format for the MPEG files by going to the Output Format option. From the drop down list that appears select AVI – Audio Video Interleave.
5. Select the Video Settings option to modify the newly created AVI file(s). At this point changes may be made to the frame rate, quality, compressor and video size. If satisfied with the default settings, make no changes.
6. Click convert to start the process. Once completed the program will indicate that the AVI file is ready.

Tips and Warnings

• When converting to an AVI do not choose the MPEG layer III audio compressor. This will result in a faulty, incomplete conversion.

• Do not turn off the computer while the program is in the middle of converting these files.

• Save the MPEG files in an easily accessed area of the hard drive. This will cut down on the time spent searching for video files that need to be converted. Additionally save all video files in one folder.

• If the computer is slow, do not run any other programs while using the converter as this will further reduce how well the processor performs.

How to Convert Wma to Mp4

Windows Media Audio (WMA) is an audio compression format that was developed by Microsoft to be a part of the Windows Media framework; the term is sometimes also used to refer to the audio codecs associated with the format. WMA was created to compete with the very popular MP3 and RealAudio formats and comes in both lossless and lossy variations; what this means is that the lossless variation, which is called WMA Lossless can be compressed without losing any of the original file’s fidelity while the lossy version does lose some of its original quality but the bits that are lost are not likely to be picked up by the human ear. There is also a WMA Voice variation which is intended for use with voice content and uses low bit rates for compression.

MPEG-4 Part 14 or MP4 for short is a container format that holds both digital audio and video, particularly for MPEG files; it was created by the Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG) and can additionally contain subtitles and still images and allows internet streaming. It may not be practical to convert WMA to MP4 since WMA is only audio and so when converted to MP4 you will hear the audio but the screen will be blank as there is no video included with it. However if for some reason you choose to convert your WMA files to MP4s, here are the tools you will need and the steps you should take.

THINGS YOU WILL NEED

• PC or laptop
• Conversion software

INSTRUCTIONS

1. Create a new folder in an easily accessible place such as the desktop
2. Copy all WMA files that you would like to convert to this location
3. Search for and download MP4 creation tools. Free solutions available online include YAMB.
4. Due to legal restrictions with some programs using WMA files may be restricted. If this is so with your downloaded MP4 conversion solution then download an audio converter such as Format Factory. If the program you chose for MP4 creation is not restricted from working with WMA files then do not download any other program and drag the WMA file or files into the program then skip to step 7
5. Drag your WMA files into Format Factory or whichever conversion software you chose and convert the WMA files to another format such as MP3.
6. Open the output folder and drag the MP3 files into the MP4 creation tool such as YAMB and then proceed with the prompts to create the MP4 file.
7. After the MP4 file is created you may repeat the process as needed for each WMA file.

DO’S AND DON’TS

Do not use protected WMA files when performing the operation. Protected WMA files may not work and will need to either have the Digital Rights Management (DRM) protection removed or the file converted to another format before it can be used.
Don’t delete the original WMA file until you are sure the converted file works properly.

How to Convert Wma to Wav

WMA stands for Windows Media Audio and refers to an audio compression format that was implemented by Microsoft as a part of the Windows Media group; the term WMA is used to refer to both the audio format and its associated codecs. Originally the WMA format was created to compete with the more popular RealAudio and MP3 formats, and was a lossy audio format; there is a lossless version however, which is called WMA Lossless which maintains the fidelity of the original audio file.

WAV stands for Waveform Audio File Format and is a joint-creation of Microsoft and IBM intended for storing audio streams on computers; WAV is the format that is mostly used on the Windows operating system by default for handling ray, uncompressed audio files but the way it works is similar to the way that the 8SVX and AIFF formats used on Amiga and Macintosh computers work. WAV files don’t have information fields such as the artist, album, year, etc. as do most other formats, so it can be a little difficult to find information about WAV files. WAV files are huge in comparison to most other formats and therefore are not the best for file sharing purposes; however WAV files are still commonly used because WAV is a lossless format and it provides high quality sound.

You may find yourself in a situation where you need to convert from the WMA to WAV format; here are the tools you need and the steps to take to do this.

THINGS YOU WILL NEED

• PC or laptop
• Conversion software

INSTRUCTIONS

1. Create a folder in an easily accessible place such as the desktop area of your PC
2. Locate the WMA files that you would like to convert
3. Copy all the WMA files that you want converted to the newly created folder
4. Download and install a conversion application. Free solutions include Format Factory and Media Coder.
5. Open the program that you installed and drag the files from the new folder into the application interface.
6. Choose the WAV format as the output format when prompted or after adding all the files.
7. Hit the button to start the conversion process and wait for the conversion to be completed.
8. Once completed open the output folder manually or from within the program if supported.
9. The output folder should now have all your converted files with the same file name as the original WMA

DO’S AND DON’TS

Do not use protected WMA files as these may not be possible to convert. In order to convert these files one would have to remove the copy protection known as DRM or Digital Rights Management from the WMA files prior to conversion.
Delete the folder that was created once you are satisfied that the files were successfully converted by opening them with a player program or whichever other application you had planned to use.
Don’t try to convert files larger than 4 GB to the WAV format as the WAV format is limited to files smaller than this.

How to Convert Wmv to Mpeg

WMV is short for Windows Media Video and refers to format developed by Microsoft that is used for video compression; WMV was initially created to compete against the RealVideo format and recently the WMV format has been standardized by the Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers (SMPTE) to work with physical-delivery formats including Blu-ray and HD DVD.

The term MPEG is short for Moving Picture Experts Group and refers to the group of experts responsible for developing the popular MPEG-1, MPEG-2, MPEG-3, and MPEG-4 standards; however in many cases when a person uses the term, he/she is referring to one of the various MPEG standards rather than the group responsible for the standards. The first MPEG standard was created in 1993 and was intended to make video with audio encoding for CDs possible.
It may become necessary to convert WMV to MPEG for various reasons including the fact that some applications work better with MPEG than WMV, MPEG is also more widely supported than WMV, and converting to DVD is usually easier with MPEG files than with MPEG files; here are the things required for the conversion.

THINGS YOU WILL NEED

• PC or laptop
• Conversion software

INSTRUCTIONS

1. Locate the WMV file or files on the computer that are to be converted
2. Create a new folder on the desktop of the computer or in an easily accessible location
3. Copy the WMV files to this new location
4. Connect to the internet and download either a paid or free conversion solution. Popular choices include Riverpast Video Cleaner, Format Factory and Media Coder
5. Install the chosen program and run it
6. Select the video conversion option to MPG, which is the shortened format for MPEG.
7. Based on the intended use of the output file, choose to encode to MPEG1 or MPEG2. Depending on the software being used the option to convert to MPEG4 may not be accessible unless converting to MP4. Make your selection from the available options for the desired output.
8. Drag the WMV files into the application interface.
9. Double-check the settings to ensure that they meet the desired requirements.
10. Locate the button on the graphical interface to begin the encoding or conversion process and hit it.
11. Wait for the process to complete. Based on the settings used this may take some time.
12. On completion open the output folder manually or from within the program if this feature is supported.
13. Once at the output folder the converted MPEG files should be visible and available for whatever uses are needed.

DO’s AND DONT’s

Don’t attempt to convert to MPEG without having adequate free space on the computer.
Bear in mind that MPEG standards for video include MPEG1, MPEG2 and MPEG4 and that MPEG4 is usually found in MP4 files and not MPG.
Do not convert to MPEG4 if the intention is to use the files for DVD mastering or authoring. DVD video standards are based on MPEG2 while video CD or VCD standards are based on MPEG1.

How to Convert Word to Pdf

Microsoft Word is no doubt the most popular word processor in the world today, partly because the Microsoft Windows operating system is so widely used and also because of Word’s time-saving features such as grammar and spell checking, and auto-correction.

PDF is short for Portable Document Format and is a file format that was created by Adobe; PDF files are popular for websites as it maintains the original formatting and layout of the original document. Various types of free software are available for reading PDF files such as Adobe Reader and Foxit Reader and there are also a lot of options for editing PDF files but these are typically programs that must be paid for.

Although it is possible to convert Word documents to HTML for internet use, files are often converted to PDF instead because the files are so easily accessible when they are converted properly; here are the steps needed for converting Word documents to PDF.

THINGS YOU WILL NEED

• PC or laptop
• Conversion software

INSTRUCTIONS

1. Start a web browser such as Internet Explorer or Mozilla Firefox.
2. Navigate to a search engine such as Google.
3. Search for PDF conversion software. Popular choices include CutePDF and DoPDF as free solutions with Adobe Acrobat and Foxit PDF Creator being popular paid solutions.
4. After deciding on a solution, download and install the software.
5. After installation a new printer will be installed on the computer which is a virtual printer for creating the PDF files.
6. Start Microsoft Word from the Start Menu of the computer.
7. Open any document that may be required for conversion to PDF.
8. If the document only needs to be converted to PDF then go to FILE then PRINT from within Microsoft Word and select the new virtual printer from the list and then hit the button to print. A dialog may appear asking for the name of the file and save location. Save the file to an easily accessible location such as the desktop.
9. If the document needs to be searchable with selectable text then this feature may not be available in some free solutions and depending on the software installed may be completely impossible; if you do have a program installed with the feature then OCR (optical character recognition) options should be set. On completion the OCR scanner will prompt for assistance in identifying any character that may not be immediately recognized by the software; a prompt may then appear asking for the file name and save location – ensure the file is saved in an easily accessible location such as the desktop.
10. Open the output file using the installed PDF reader to ensure conversion was properly done

DO’s AND DONT’s

Not all software will be able to create searchable PDF files. Inquire about the need of this feature before deciding which software suite to use.
Don’t delete the Word document after the conversion has been done unless you will not need to edit the file again; converting to a PDF makes the text un-editable in many instances so keep a copy of the original.

How to Convert Zune Files to Mp3

The Zune media player is a portable device from Microsoft that is capable of playing many different file formats. In general files will be stored in WMA (Windows Media Audio) format because this file type is indigenous to Microsoft based systems. Yet, other file formats are used on the player. If you would like to convert those files on your Zune to MP3 files this can easily be done by converting them using Windows Media Player on your Windows O/S .

Required Tools

USB Cable
Working Computer
Zune Media Player
Windows Media Player
Windows Explorer

Required Materials

Zune Files

Instructions

Converting Zune Files using Windows Media Player

1. To begin connect your Zune to the computer via the USB cable made specifically for the Zune. Ensure both ends are securely in place.
2. Go to the Start Menu option and select open Windows Explorer. Alternatively you may open Windows Explorer from the desktop if you have saved an icon for the browser there, double click the icon to open it.
3. Enter the Zune from the browser and select the Zune files you would like to convert. These may either be in MPEG 4 format, AAC, MP3, or WMA. For this example it is assumed that they are WMA files.
4. Highlight all the files and select the Open With option. This will automatically open the files in the program that you would like to use to perform the conversion.
5. Select Windows Media Player from the list of options presented to you.
6. Once in Windows Media Player select the Now Playing option then choose the More Options tab and then finally the Rip Music tab.
7. To determine where the file will be save select Change and enter a new location for your soon to be converted Zune files.
8. You may also change the file name if you so desire by selecting the File Name tab, which will give you the option to enter a new name for your new MP3s.
9. Specify the type of conversion you would like to perform by going to the Format option and selecting MP3 from the drop down box.
10. Press OK to start conversion. The time taken to convert the files will depend on the size of each file, the speed of your computer and the number of files you have chosen to convert. A small indicator will appear on each MP3 displaying what percentage of the file has been converted. Once done the indicator will display complete on each file.

Tips and Warning

• Leave the Zune plugged into the computer for the duration of the conversion process, especially if you intend to upload the newly converted MP3s to your Zune.

• Always check to see that the files are playable in another media player. Also be sure to listen out for any imperfections that may have occurred during the conversion process.

• Do not turn off your computer while the files are being converted. This will lead to incomplete conversions and other PC related issues.

• If your computer is very slow, do not run any other programs while Windows Media Player is converting the files to MP3.

How to Convert Songs to Ringtones

It has become the common practice for persons to use a favorite song as their ringtone as the default ringtones can be pretty boring, or just to be unique; you might have thought the only way to get the songs you want is to pay and download them or to buy an expensive phone, but converting songs to be used as ringtones is a pretty simple process that can be done on most modern phones if you have a few necessary tools. Here is a quick rundown of the items you will need and what you will need to do to get the job done.

THINGS YOU WILL NEED

• Computer/laptop
• Audio file
• Cell phone
• Data cable for cell phone
• Software for cell phone (optional)
• Card Reader and Memory card (optional)

INSTRUCTIONS

1. Create a folder on the computer and copy all of the songs that you want to convert to that folder. If the cell phone came with software that supports transferring files to it, start the software and copy the songs into the software’s window; the software should have options for converting the songs to a format that can be read by the phone.
2. If there is no software for the phone you will need to download a program such as Format Factory or Media Coder that can convert the songs for you.
3. Once the program you are using is installed, start it and check the options to see if it supports conversions for your phone; if your phone is not listed, there still might be a default setting that will work with most phones.
4. Drag the songs you want to convert into the program and hit the button to start the conversion. Once the conversion is completed open the folder where the converted file is saved and then us your data cable to copy the converted song to the appropriate directory on your phone.

Some phones support MP3 files and so no conversion is necessary before you can copy the file to your phone to be used as a ringtone.
Some phones will also use a memory card to store pictures, music and video; if your phone is like this then you can simply take the memory card out of the phone and plug it into a card reader connected to your computer and copy the files to the memory card to eliminate having to use a data cable.

DOs AND DON’Ts

Don’t use third party software to do the conversion if you have original software for the phone as the original software will convert and cut the song to the required format and size for your particular phone.
Check to see if you can copy the entire song to your phone or if it can only support a few seconds of audio; if this is the case you will have to use an audio editing program to cut out the unwanted portions of the song.

How to Convert M4a to Mp3

MPEG-4 is a container format that can hold audio and video streams as well as subtitles and still images; MP4 is the file extension given to MPEG-4 files that contain both video and audio, while audio only MPEG-4 files are given the M4A extension. M4A is a lossless codec and is also called Apple Lossless, Apple Lossless Encoder, or ALE; the format is expected to become the new standard for the lossless compression of audio files while still taking up less storage space.

MP3 refers to Audio layer 3 of the MPEG-1 and MPEG-2 video standards; MP3 uses lossy compression and as a result is smaller in size compared to lossless compression formats but is still the audio standard of choice today because the bits that are lost during compression are out of range of the human ear and as a result are not noticeable. MP3 files are typically created at a bitrate of 128kbps and this compression will make the MP3 file about 10 times smaller than the original file; the bitrate can be higher or lower depending on the user’s preferences but of course higher bit rates mean a larger file size and better quality while a lower bit rate will mean a smaller file size and lower quality.

Portable music players may not support the M4A format so it may become necessary to convert M4A to MP3 for this reason; here are the steps that will be required for the conversion.

THINGS YOU WILL NEED

• PC or laptop
• Conversion software

INSTRUCTIONS

1. Locate the M4A files that are to be converted to MP3
2. Create a new folder on the desktop or in another location that is easy to find on the computer
3. Copy all desired M4A files to the newly created folder
4. Go online and search for conversion software for M4A to MP3. Popular free choices include Format Factory and Media Coder while paid choices include NCH Switch Audio Converter and dBPowerAmp
5. After making a selection from the plethora of available utilities download and install it
6. Open the installed program and set the output to MP3 from within the interface if applicable
7. Drag the M4A files from within the newly created folder into the interface of the application
8. Hit the button on the interface of the application to begin the conversion process and wait for a completion message
9. Once completed open the output folder manually or from within the program if supported
10. When the folder is opened the converted files will be available for whatever intended use

DO’s AND DONT’s

• Don’t attempt to convert M4A files that may be protected as there may be errors.
• Ensure that the create folder is deleted after the conversion process is completed.
• Do not move the original files to the newly created folder as this will disrupt the music library if one is installed on the PC or laptop and was managing the M4A files such as iTunes.

How to Convert Jpg to Word

JPG is a popular picture compression method in use today; JPG is short for JPEG which stands for Joint Photographic Experts Group, which is the group responsible for creating the JPEG format. A lot of digital cameras, capture devices and websites use JPG as the format for compressing their pictures and persons who put together Power Point presentations or Word documents will often cut and paste these JPG photos into their documents.
However there are times when cutting and pasting is not adequate and it becomes necessary to convert the JPG format itself to the Word format, for instance the picture might be of a page taken from a book and the words are needed rather than the picture; in this case the JPG photo would need to be converted to a text format that can be edited if necessary. The conversion process can be lengthy and complex, and is not always accurate as some of the words might not convert, or they might be misspelled when converted; however if the words are plain enough or if one wants to run a test to see if the conversion will go through even if the image is complex, here are the steps that will be required.

THINGS YOU WILL NEED

• PC or laptop
• Internet connection
• Conversion software

INSTRUCTIONS

1. Locate the JPG file or files that need to be converted to Word
2. If there are multiple files create a new folder on the desktop or in another easily accessible area on the PC and copy the files to this folder
3. Go online and search for JPG OCR, JPG to Word or JPG to Text software. OCR stands for Optical Character Recognition
4. From the listings select either a free or paid solution to do the task
5. Download and install the chosen program
6. Run the program and open the JPG file or files individually for conversion
7. Hit the option to convert the file or begin the OCR process
8. Once completed select the text and copy using the keyboard shortcut CTRL+C, using the menu to locate an option to select and copy the text or by using the right-click menu with the mouse
9. Open Microsoft Word from the Start menu
10. Paste the selected text into the new document window. If the program supports exporting to Word and this option was selected then open the output document from the File menu within Microsoft Word
11. Verify the contents of the file and make adjustments as necessary

DO’s AND DONT’s

• If the user is planning on getting a paid solution do not purchase the first option that appears in the browser search. Test the program first using a trial version or search for customer reviews on third party websites for unbiased opinions.
• If using applications to convert directly from JPG to Word are not working adequately then consider converting to PDF first as PDF OCR software may be more accurate than JPG to Text or Word.